Pre-test Answers for "More Than Skin Deep"

1. Children are more susceptible to toxins entering through the _____ than adults,
because _____.

A. skin; their skin is thinner (Objective 1)
B. mouth; they play outside more
C. lungs; they breathe more air
D. blood; they get more cuts and scrapes
E. nose; their noses are smaller

2. If a pesticide is lethal to pests, then it may be _____ adults and _____children.

A. safe for; toxic to
B. toxic to; safe for
C. safe for; safe for
D. toxic to; toxic to
(Objective 1)
E. safe for; unpredictable in

3. In general, when a person is exposed to insecticides they develop problems
with the _____.

A. kidneys
B. nervous system (Objective 1)
C. skin
D. lungs
E. endocrine system

4. A pesticide that causes garlic odor of the breath, a metallic taste in the mouth,
plus diarrhea and vomiting may contain _____.

A. aluminum
B. arsenic (Objective 1)
C. nicotine
D. organophosphates
E. zinc

5. Bubonic plague can be carried by _____.

A. fleas (Objective 2)
B. flies
C. lice
D. mosquitoes
E. ticks

6. Which of the following can be controlled by the following proper food handling
and sanitation guidelines?

A. cryptosporidium parvum (Objective 2)
B. lyme disease
C. malaria
D. typhus
E. West Nile fever

7. Which of the following pests can be controlled by routine bathing and washing
of clothes and bedding?

A. fleas
B. horse flies
C. lice (Objective 2)
D. mosquitoes
E. ticks

8. Cryptosporidium parvum, cyclospora, and Giardia lamblia all affect the _____.

A. brain
B. digestive system (Objective 2)
C. heart
D. lungs
E. skin

9. Sun damage is due to the Sun's _____.

A. heat
B. gamma ray radiation
C. infrared radiation
D. ultraviolet radiation (Objective 3)
E. x-rays

10. Who of the following is least susceptible to sun damage?

A. a child under 6 months of age
B. a dark-skinned person (Objective 3)
C. a light-skinned person
D. a person living at high altitudes
E. a person living on the beach

11. Which of the following is NOT a good method of protecting yourself
against the development of sun exposure related cataracts?

A. sunscreen (Objective 3)
B. sunglasses
C. hat with brim
D. staying inside
E. avoiding highly reflective environments

12. Which of the following would have the highest reflection of UVR?

A. grassy field
B. pine forest
C. asphalt parking lot
D. snowy field (Objective 3)
E. football field

Post-test Answers for "More Than Skin Deep"

1. In general, pesticides kill _____ and herbicides kill _____.

A. weeds; plants
B. weeds; spiders
C. insects; weeds (Objective 1)
D. insects; fungus
E. fungus; insects

2. Many pesticides and herbicides are formulated _____.

A. to only be active inside the targeted pests
B. to be absorbed on contact (Objective 1)
C. to cause no harm to wildlife or pets
D. to have no adverse affects on people
E. to only affect unwanted insects, spiders and other pests

3. Federal law requires that all pesticides have a warning label that reads:

A. "Do Not Induce Vomiting"
B. "Keep Out of Reach of Children" (Objective 1)
C. "Store in a Cool, Dry Place"
D. "Discard Unused Contents After XXXX (Date)"
E. "Do Not Incinerate"

4. Sam's little brother was playing in the garage. When he came inside, he said
that he had a headache and was very thirsty. His fingers were stained bright
yellow, which he said he got when he was finger-painting the car. He appears
to be confused. To which of the following herbicides could he have been exposed?

A. chlorophenoxy
B. N-methyl carbamate
C. nicotine
D. nitrophenol (Objective 1)
E. organophosphates

5. Malaria can be carried by _____.

A. fleas (Objective 2)
B. flies
C. lice
D. mosquitoes
E. ticks

6. Which of the following could be controlled by proper pesticide use?

A. cayaetanensis
B. cryptosporidiosis
C. giardiasis
D. trichinosis
E. typhus (Objective 2)

7. Your mother asks you to clean the cat's litter box. You inform her that although
you would like to comply, you do not wish to increase your exposure to _____.
She informs you to simply wash your hands afterward.

A. cryptosporidum parvum
B. fleas
C. ticks
D. toxoplasma gondii (Objective 2)
E. trichinella spiralis

8. If a small community develops an outbreak of cayetanensis (from exposure
to Cyclospora) it is reasonable to assume that _____.

A. they own cats
B. they recently ate undercooked or raw meat
C. their water supply is contaminated with fecal matter (Objective 2)
D. they have all been bitten by ticks
E. their community is located on an open meadow near marshy areas

9. Prolonged unsafe exposure to the Sun usually does NOT cause _____.

A. cataracts
B. hair loss (Objective 3)
C. skin cancer
D. aging of the skin
E. suppression of the immune system

10. A safe way to minimize potential skin damage from exposure to the
Sun is by _____.

A. using a tanning bed
B. wearing sunglasses on bright days
C. wearing light-colored, long-sleeved shirt and hats (Objective 3)
D. living at higher altitudes, where exposure is less direct
E. using a suntan lotion

11. Which of the following would have the highest risk for exposure to sun damage?

A. mountain top, July, 2:00 pm (Objective 3)
B. beach, July, 9:00 am
C. woods, July, 12:00 pm
D. mountain top, December, 6:00 pm
E. woods, December, 3:00 pm

12. Five friends have gathered on the beach for the afternoon. Which one has
the greatest protection from sun damage?

A. Tanya has been "warming up" in the tanning booth for 6 weeks prior to arriving at the beach
B. Sally is using suntan oil and lying on a blanket
C. Carol is under an umbrella and is wearing a hat and a long-sleeved shirt (Objective 3)
D. Sam is surfing while wearing sunscreen
E. Bob is jogging along the water's edge wearing a short-sleeved shirt